CRANE Project Stage 1 (2012 – 2015)


Year 1 (2013)


• Focus was on the Orontes Watershed in southeast Turkey and northwest Syria.

• CRANE began integrating datasets from two long-term, large-scale archaeological projects, the Tayinat Archaeological Project and the

Neubauer Expedition to Zincirli in the OCHRE software platform.

• Both the Tayinat and Zincirli projects have produced hundreds of thousands of artifacts and architectural contexts, resulting in terabytes of

data with diverse formats (bitmapped images, vector maps, video files, structured tables, and unstructured text).

OCHRE has multiple artifacts that may be similar but have different names or labels, based on a project-specific taxonomy.

• To expand the chronological and paleoenvironmental records of the Orontes Watershed, Sturt Manning (Cornell University) is overseeing the

creation of a finely-tuned Dendrochronological and Radiocarbon timescale for this region, with a particular focus on the Bronze and Iron Ages

(ca. 3500-500 BCE) to anchor the relative cultural sequence established through ceramics.


Years 2 and 3 (2014 and 2015)


• Work from Year 1 continued.

• CRANE expanded to incorporate three additional archaeological projects in the Orontes Watershed: Tell Acharneh Project (directed by

Michel Fortin of Laval University) the Homs Regional Project (directed by Graham Philip), and the Italian Archaeological Expedition at Tell

Mishrifeh/Qatna (with Marco Iamoni).

• A team led by Graham Philip began collecting sediment coring data to fill in gaps in the current paleoenvironmental sequence.

• The petrographical analysis of the ceramics began to determine what materials and techniques were used to create them (Kamal

Badreshany, Durham University; Lynn Welton, University of British Columbia)

• CRANE began visualization studies of ceramics and architecture under the supervision of Eugene Fiume and Stephen Batiuk (University of


• Environmental data has been pulled together by Lynn Welton (University of British Columbia) who will add it to ancient social simulation software

under the supervision of John Christiansen (Argonne National Laboratory), to begin simulation modeling of the region.

• PhD student Doğa Karakaya (Tübingen University) began examining the archeobotanical data from the sites in the region under the

supervision of Simone Riehl (Tübingen University) and Catherine D’Andrea (Simon Fraser University).